Off with HIS Head - King Henry VIII
Why especially was the murder by King Henry VIII Ann Boleyn, his second wife, not only a heinous crime, but guilt misplaced?
Henry wanted -- no, expected, even demanded - a male heir to succeed him on the throne. A female child was unacceptable. Now a male child results when an X chromosome combines with a Y chromosome, whereas a female results when two X chromosomes unite, one from the father, one from the mother. Thus,
X+Y → X-Y, a male.
X+X → X-X, a female.
Females cannot provide a Y chromosome. It is impossible.
A male can provide either an X chromosome OR a Y chromosome.
Thus, what gender a child will prove to be is completely, 100%, determined by the father. His not having a male heir was the fault, not of Ann Boleyn, but of the King, himself!
Source Material: The Y Chromosome: In Danger?
Image Credit » https://pixabay.com/photos/hans-holbeing-king-henry-viii-91067/